Cider is made from fermented apple juice, and it comes in a number of varieties.
Typical English cider is dry, with fruity, tannic qualities with low carbonation.
However, Normandy, that's another major cider producing region in northern France, produce sweeter, more effervescent, very complex style of ciders.
North American are often sweet, simpler beverages with distinct sweet-tart taste, and in these regions, the fermented beverage is known as "hard cider". And particularly in the United States, there are two types, one being the traditional definition, called hard cider and the second sweet or soft cider.